Companion planting is not a new thing but has been going on for a very long time. There is evidence of writings of companion planting but a Marcus Varro in Roman as far back as 116-27 BC. These trends seen to have echo the next 2000 years or so. Clearly even back then they were looking for better yield and better disease and pest control.
Now companion planting is becoming more and more popular with todays gardeners, as the benefits are well worth the time it takes to do a little research on what plant suits with climates and plants best. Some plants do not go well together and this is also worth considering when planning your garden beds.
There are plenty of reasons people use companion planting;
1. Planting certain plants together can deter or distract some bugs and insects from attacking certain plants such as french beans or Clover(when properly maintained)can be beneficial to your brassicas as pests are less like to find your plants, also planting carrots, onions and garlic can deter such things as carrots and onion flies. Buckwheat is also another great one to grow as it deter aphids as it can attract up to as may as 30 different hoover flies and the love aphids.
2. Companion planting can also be used for attracting the right bugs and insect , the ones that are needed for pollination of our veggies and flowers such as the bee, hover flies, butterflies and ladybugs.
Fennel, Queen Anne’s Lace, Dill, Alyssum Cottage Salvia and marigolds are just a few that will do the trick.
3. Companion planting is also used in disease resistance, plant such thing as Camomile and foxglove are examples of this.
4. WEED REDUCTION!!!! That’s right you heard right companion planting can actually reduce your weeds. By planting certain plant in between others you can create a cover over the ground which makes it hard for weeds to grow. Rhododendron and dandelion will also give off a gas from the leaves that prevents weed seeds from germinating.
5.Certain companion planting can also change the scent of other plants one in particular is the rose which can sweeten its scent when surrounded by garlic.
6.Finally companion planting can be used for sunshading of other plants. If you have a small delicate plant in the garden pair it up with something tall to give the smaller more delicate some sun protection.
My Companion Planting List
APPLES- Chives, Foxglove, Garlic, Mustard and Potatoes
APRICOT- Basil, Garlic, Marigolds, Sunflower and Spinach
ASPARAGUS- Tomatoes, Parsley and Basil
BEANS- Potatoes, Carrots, Cucumbers, Cauliflower and Cabbage
BEETS- Onion and Kohirabi
BROCCOLI- Beans, Beets, Corriander, Dill, Potatoes and Strawberries
CABBAGE- Potatoes, Celery, Dill, Camomile, Saga and Thyme
CARROTS- Peas, Lettuce, Chives, Leeks, Sage and Rosemary
CELERY- Leeks, Tomatoes and Bush Beans
CORN- Beans, Cucumber and Parsnips
CUCUMBER- Beans, Corn, Peas, Sunflower and Radish
FENNEL- MOST PLANTS DISLIKE THIS
GARLIC- Roses and Raseberries
KOHLRABI- Beets, Cucumber Marigolds and Tomatoes
LAVENDER- Cabbage, Garlic, Roses and Silverbeet
MARIGOLDS- ALL PLANTS LOVE ME
MINT- Cabbage,Tomatoes and Parsley
NASTURTIUM- Tomatoes, Radish, Cabbage and Cucumber
ONIONS- Beets, Strawberries, Tomatoes and Lettuce
PARSLEY- Tomatoes and Asparagus
RADISH- Peas, Nasturium, Lettuce and Cucumber
ROSEMARY- Carrots,Beans, Cabbage and Sage
ROSES- Chives, Garlic, Sage and Thyme
SAGE- Carrots,Cabbage,Peas and Beans
SOYBEANS- ALL PLANTS LOVE ME
SQUASH- Beans and Onions
STRAWBERRIES- Beans and Spinach
SUMMER SAVORY- Beans and Onions
SUNFLOWERS- Apricots, Cucumber, Potatoes and Spinach
TARRAGON- ALL PLANTS LOVE ME
THYME- Chives, Onions, Parsley and Asparagus
ZUCCHINI- Corn, Marjoram and Nasturtium
The information provided for this list was researched from Yates and Organic Gardening and Farming.